WW3 of immense fireball warheads could lead to long, dark nuclear winter

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    With Russian president Vladimir Putin's invasion of Ukraine and North Korean supreme leader Kim Jong-un's continued penchant for missile launching, the threat of World War Three often seems scarily real.

    And, with both regularly keen to flex their atomic potential, the menace of nuclear warfare is becoming a constant cause for concern too.

    Should that ever happen, then the implications for the whole planet would be disastrous, with scientific research, dating back almost 40 years, suggesting our world would be plunged into a long, dark and cold nuclear winter.

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    Economical devastation on a seismic scale would be caused by the damaging after effects of the light, heat, blast and radiation from hundreds of nuclear explosions, according to the experts.

    Early studies into the global impact of nuclear war, conducted between 40 and 50 years ago, speculated that significant volumes of dust kicked up into the air by nuclear blasts would block sunlight from reaching Earth and result in a temporary cooling of the air.

    In 1983, the respected TTAPS study (named after the first initials of the surnames of its five authors) then first coined the term "nuclear winter", which it theorised would be a consequence of the many immense fireballs caused by exploding atomic warheads.

    According to its findings, huge uncontrollable fires would break out across cities and forests, leading to engulfing plumes of smoke and soot that would form a thick band of black cloud encircling the Northern Hemisphere and block out all but a glimmer of the sun's light for several weeks.

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    Temperatures on earth would consequently drop by an estimated 11C to 22C – the equivalent of turning a hot summer's day into a cold winter morning at the extreme end of that scale.

    Much of the planet's animal life and vegetation, meanwhile, would be destroyed, as per the scientific research into the ramifications of semi-darkness, deep frosts, subfreezing temperatures and rocketing radiation levels.

    The large-scale destruction of food supplies and crops, as well as industrial, medical, and transportation infrastructures, would also, it is forecast, trigger a horrific death toll from starvation, exposure, and disease, with the global population plummeting in numbers.

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